M.P State Agro Industry
M.P State Seed Corporation
Seed Certification
Mandi Board
Agricultural Engineering

Allied Agencies


The Madhya Pradesh State Cooperative Marketing Federation (MARKFED) is an Apex level Federation of Cooperative Marketing Societies in the State of Madhya Pradesh. The Society is registered under the Madhya Pradesh Cooperative Societies Act 1960.

Federation represents the numerous marketing and allied societies of the state. As of March 2001, 940 societies were members of Markfed. With the creation of the Chhatisgarh state the business activity of Markfed have been bifurcated. M.P. Markfed has an extensive network of branches in the state:

i. Zonal Offices 7

ii. District Marketing Offices 45

District offices are located at almost all the district headquarters. These offices undertake bulk of business and are well equipped with infrastructure and are manned with experienced staff.


  1. To assist and strengthen its member marketing and other marketing societies in the state.

  2. To provide agricultural inputs to the farmers through member of societies numbering over six thousand to promote the production of their agricultural produce.

  3. To procure the agricultural produce from farmers in regulated Mandies.

  4. To carry out welfare activities as per the state government directives

  5. To construct godowns to increase the storage facilities in the state.

2. The Madhya Pradesh State Agro Industries Development Corporation Ltd:

The Madhya Pradesh State Agro Industries Development Corporation Ltd. is a wholly Government company headquartered at the State Capital Bhopal which is actively engaged in promoting the agro potential of Madhya Pradesh.

Major Activities of M.P. Agro:

  1. Marketing of Agricultural inputs such as Seeds, Pesticides, Agricultural Machineries, and Tractors, Irrigation systems such as Pump sets, Sprinkler and Drip system and Chemical Fertilizers.

  2. Manufacture of High Quality Bio-Fertilizers such as Rhizobium, Azatobacter and PSB.

  3. Manufacture of ORGANIC-MANURE from Farm Waste and City Garbage

  4. Large-scale production of Hybrid Vegetable Seeds, Planting Material for Fruits and Commercial Scale Production of Vegetables and Fruits for the Domestic and International market at India's largest farm (3500 acres).

  5. Promotion of Agro Processing Industries in Madhya Pradesh with special emphasis on units for Pulping, Brining and Freezing of Fruits, Vegetables and Floriculture.

  6. Procurement and marketing of Vegetables and Fruits in raw and processed form for the Domestic and International market.

  7. Providing incentives declared by the Central Government as well as State Government on different INCENTIVE SCHEMES.

3. M.P. State Seed Certification Agency

Purpose of Seed Certification:

The purpose of seed certification is to maintain and make available to the public, through certification, high quality seeds and propagating materials of notified kind and varieties so grown and distributed as to ensure genetic identity and genetic purity. Seed Certifications also designed to achieve prescribed standards.

Certification Agency:

Certification shall be conducted by the Certification Agency notified under section 8 of the Seed Act,1966.

Certified Seed Producer:

Certified seed producer means a person who grows or distributes certified Seed in accordance with the procedures and standards of the certification.

Eligibility Requirements for Certification of Crop Varieties:

Seed for only those varieties which are notified under section 5 of the Seeds Act, 1966 shall Be eligible for certification.

4. M.P. State Agricultural Marketing Board

As per census carried out in the year 1991, population of Madhya Pradesh is 6,61,35,862 out of this rural population is 5,07,87,815. The main livelihood of this rural population is agriculture. There are 76.03 lakh families of farmers. Improvement in the economic status of these farmers is only possible with the improvement in Agricultural Production and Marketing. Usually farmers/producers do not get the proper price of their produce due to commission agents, brokers who purchase their produce at lower price. Farmers also have to bear loss in weighing of their produce and to get payment. Farmers do not have any other livelihood other than agriculture; due to this they have to sale their production at lower price to fulfill their immediate needs. Therefore our aim should not only to increase produce but also to provide the facilities and arrangements for marketing of produce for example storage, transportation, grading and price of produce.

To prevent the exploitation of farmers, to provide them proper price for their produce and to facilitate better marketing facility M.P. State Agricultural Produce Marketing Act, 1972 was implemented.

Main Provision of this Act is

Elected Market Committees with predominance of agriculturists for management of market (Agriculturists being one whose livelihood depends solely on farming)

License from Market Committee essential for carrying on trade, processing etc. of agricultural produce

Purchase from producer by trader outside market yard prohibited.

Sale of Agricultural produce in market yards only by open auction or tender bid system.

Commission Agents barred from auction on behalf of the producers

Payment to the seller on the same day, for non-payment, purchaser has to pay penalty interest @ 1% per day up to five days. Failure in payment results in automatic cancellation of license and no fresh license issued for one year.

Arrangement for correct weighing under the supervision of Marketing Committee

Facility for storage of agricultural produce in case of non-sale

Construction of "Rest House" for farmers


The Madhya Pradesh Agricultural Marketing Board was established in 1973, as envisaged in Section 40, 41 & 42 of the M.P. State Krishi Upaj Mandi Adhiniyam, 1972. Board is working in different aspects viz. Administration, overall development of market yard and to help to ensure better marketing system in the state.

cht fuxe

%% cht fuxe ls gh cht D;ksa [kjhnsa %%

1-                    cht fuxe dk cht jkT; cht laLFkk }kjk gksrk gS rFkk uohure izf'kf{kr d`f"k oSKkfudksa dh ns[k js[k esa iSnk fd, tkrs gSa A

2-                    cht fuxe ds ;s cht Js"B vuqdwy tyok;q esas mRikfnr fd, tkrs gSa A

3-                    chtksa dh mppre Jss"Brk ,oa vf/kdre 'kq)rk dk Lrj ;ksX; VSfDudy LVkQ dh ns[kjs[k esa cuk dj j[kk tkrk gS A

4-                    cht fuxe ds cht vPNh rjg lalkf/kr fd, tkrs gSa A

5-                    chtksa dks vko';d QQwWnuk'kd nokvksa ls Hkyh HkkWfr mipkfjr fd;k tkrk gS rkfd yEcs le; rd HkaMkj.k fd;k tk lds A

6-                    fuxe ds cht LoLFk vkSj fujksx gksrs gSa ftlesa vdqWj.k vPNk gksrk gS ,oa Hkjiwj mRiknu feyrk gS A

7-                    cht fuxe ds fofHkUu Qlyksa vkSj fdLeksa ds cht O;kid {ks=ksa esa vkSj lqnwj bykds dh d`f"k tyok;q ds vuqdwy gksrs gSa A

8-                    cht fuxe ds cht NksVh&cM+h gj lkbZt ds eksgj can iSfdax esa lqyHk gksrs gSa A bu ij vdqWj.k izfr'kr vdqWj.k ijh{k.k dh rkjh[k] fo'kq)rk] DokfyVh vkfn dk fooj.k fn;k tkrk gS AS

9-                    vxj dksbZ iSdsV [kjkc ;k ekinaM ls uhps fudys rks cht fuxe cht Hkqxrku@okilh dh xkjUVh nsrk gS A

10-                 cht fuxe ds cht e/;izns'k esa gj txg vkSj vklkuh ls lqyHk vl[; ek=k esa fudVre [kqnjk dsUnzksa ij miyC/k gksrs gSa A


e-iz- cht fuxe] Hkksiky ls cht dk forj.k] e-iz-jkT; lgdkjh foi.ku la?k }kjk dUlkbZuesaV vk/kkj ij forj.k djus dh ys[kk o dk;Z iz.kkyh A

d`f"k mRiknu vk;qDr] e/;izns'k }kjk fy, x, fu.kZ; vuqlkj jch lhtu esa d`"kdksa dks cht dk forj.k e/;izns'k cht fuxe ls lh/ks u djk dj lfefr;ksa ls foi.ku la?k ds ek/;e ls djk;k tkuk gS bl O;oLFkk ds vUrxZr cht dh iwfrZ e-iz-jkT; cht fuxe }kjk dh tkosxh rFkk forj.k dk dk;Z lfefr;ksa }kjk d`"kdksa dks fd;k tkosxk A bl O;oLFkk ds vUrxZr izdkj lfefr;kW jklk;fud [kkn dk mBko foi.ku la?k ds cSad fjyht vkMZj ij fd;k tk dj forfjr fd;k tkrk gS Bhd mlh rjg cht dk Hkh forj.k fd, tkus dh O;oLFkk fu/kkZfjr dh xbZ gS A

izR;sd ftyk dk;kZy; vius lrj ij funsZ'kkuqlkj ys[kk tks[kk j[ksaxsa A

dk;Ziz.kkyh %&

1-                    e/;izns'k cht fuxe }kjk foi.ku la?k ds fu/kkZfjr McyykWd dsUnzksa ij cht dks le; ij miyC/k djk;k tkosxk A ;g mRrjnkf;Ro cht fuxe dk gksxk A

2-                    e-iz-jkT; lgdkjh foi.ku la?k ds fofHkUu ftyksa esa ftyk foi.ku vf/kdkjh] e-iz- cht fuxe }kjk iwfrZ fd, x, cht dks dUlkbuesaV ij j[ksaxsa A bl gsrq ftyk foi.ku vf/kdkfj;ksa dks funsZ'k fn, tkrs gSa fd muds }kjk LdU/k iath esa cht fuxe ls izkIr LdU/k dk dsUnzokj] chtokj fooj.k j[ksxsa blds fy, ftyk Lrj ij vyx ls LdU/k iath ds i`"B ij e-iz- jkT; cht fuxe ls dUlkbuesaV ij izkIr dk forj.k gSM Mkydj LdU/k dk ys[kk tks[kk j[kk tkosxk Aftyk dk;kZy; vius ftys ds fofHkUu McyykWd dsUnzksa ds xksnke dhijksa dks funsZf'kr djsaxsa fd cht dk LVkd cht fuxe ls izkIr djrs le; ;s izR;sd cksjs dks tkWp dj ysosa fd cksjs dh lhycan gS vkSj lhy can LVkd izkir djus dk izek.k i= cht fuxe dks Hkstsaxsa A Hksts tkus okys izek.k i= dk izk:i layXu gS A layXu izi= ua-&1 esa fn;k x;k gS A ;fn dqN cksjksa esa lhy ugha gS rks ,sls cksjs vyx NkWV dj j[ksa tkosa vkSj cht fuxe dks bldh lwpuk ns nh tkos A lhy VwVs okys cksjs ds LVkd izkIr djrs le; cht mRre] iq"V ,oa lgh otu esa gSa] dh iqf"V dj gh LVkd HkaMkfjr djsaxsa A

3-                    cht dk forj.k dsUnzh; lgdkjh vf/kdks"k }kjk fofHkUu lsok lgdkjh lfefr;ksa dh ekWx ds vuqlkj mudks iznk; djus gsrq tkjh fd, x, fjyht vkMZj ds vk/kkj fd;k tkosxk A fjyht vkMZj ds lkFk cht dh fu/kkZfjr dher tks fd cht fuxe }kjk lwfpr dh xbZ gS ds vuqlkj dqy jkf'k tks vkosxh] mlesa ls lsok lgdkjh lfefr dk 10 izfr'kr deh'ku jkf'k de dj 'ks"k jkf'k dk dk fMekUM MkQ~V e-iz-jkT; cht ,oa QkeZ fodkl fuxe] Hkksiky ds uke ls izLrqr fd;k tkosxk A lfefr }kjk mDr fMekUM MkQ~V vkSj fjyht vkMZj foi.ku la?k ds xksnke dsUnz ij tgkW cht dk laxzg.k fd;k x;k gS] fn;k tkosxk A la?k ds dsUnz izHkkjh@ xksnkedhij ;g pSd djsaxsa fd fjyht vkMZj ds vk/kkj ij fMek.M MkQ~V dh jkf'k Bhd gS A ;g iSfdax djus ds mijkUr cht ds LdU/k dks fMysojh lsok lgdkjh lfefr dks nh tkos A xksnkedhij }kjk LVkd jftLVj ds fooj.k dkye esa fjyht vkMZj uEcj] fnukWd] fMekUM MkQ~V dk uEcj fnukWd ,oa jkf'k vafdr djrs gq, fdu lsok lgdkjh lfefr dks fMysojh nh xbZ gS mldk mYys[k fd;k tkosxk A

fjyht vkMZj dh nks izfr;kW xksnkedhij dh izkIr gksaxh bu nksuksa] izfr;ksa esa fMekUM MkQ~V uEcj] fnukWd]jkf'k vkSj LVkd jftLVj dk i`"B dzekWd tgkW ij LVkd fn, tkus gsrq ?kVk;k x;k gS dk mYys[k fd;k tk;sxk rFkk bl ij xksnke dhij nksuksa izfr;ksa esa lhy yxkdj gLrk{kj djsxk A fjyht vkMZj dh ,d lfefr xksnkedhij vius ikl j[k ysxk rFkk izfrfyfi fMek.M MkQ~V ds lkFk layXu djds ;Fkk laHko 'kh?kz lh/ks ftyk foi.ku vf/kdkjh dks Hkstsaxsa A

ftyk foi.ku vf/kdkjh] fjyht vkMZj vkSj fMek.M MkQ~V ds vk/kkj ij bldk fooj.k ,d fjyht vkMZj jftLVj esa fu/kkZfjr dkye ds vuqlkj tks fd jklk;fud [kkn ds fy, j[kk tkrk gS mlh izk:i esa izfof"V dj ldsxsa] izfo"Vh djus ds i'pkr~ MkQ~V dks ftyk lgdkjh lgdkjh vf/kdks"k dks layXu izk:i ua- 2 esa QkjofMZx i= cuk dj Hkstk tkosxk A ;g lEiw.kZ izfdz;k mlh izdkj lEiUu dh tkos tSls fd [kkn ds laca/k esa dh tkrh gS A

4-                    cht ds LVkd dh fMysOgjh la?k ds xksnke ls tks lsok lgdkjh lfefr dks nh tkos ml le; lsok lgdkjh lfefr ds izca/kd@ izfrfuf/k dh ;g ftEesnkjh gksxh fd os fjyht vkMZj esa crkbZ xbZ ek=k vkSj DokfyVh dk LVkd izkIr djrs gS A LVkd dk ijh{k.k xksnke ds Lrj ij gh fMysojh ysus ds iwoZ dj fy;k tkos A iw.kZ larqf"V ds ckn gh LVkd dh fMysojh muds }kjk yh tkosxh A

5-                    lsok lgdkjh lfefr;ksa }kjk izkIr cht dk forj.k uxn cSad _.k o rdkch ij fd;k tkosxk A olwyh dh iw.kZ tckcnkjh lfefr;ksa dh gksxh blesa e-iz-jkT; cht ,oa QkeZ fodkl fuxe o foi.ku la?k dk dksbZ mRrjnkf;Ro ugha jgsxk A

6-                    foi.ku la?k ds ftyk bdkbZ;ksa dh ys[kk iqfLrdk esa ,d vyx ls [kkrk [kksyk tkosxk ftldk uke e-iz- cht fuxe cht dUlkbuesaV [kkrk jgsxk cht ls lacaf/kr leLr vken o [kpsZ blh [kkrs esa fy[ks tkosaxsa A

7-                    e-iz- cht fuxe }kjk foi.ku la?k ds fu/kkZfjr McyykWd dsUnzksa ij cht ifjogu djk dj fn;k tkosxk A vr% forj.k dsUnzksa ij cht igqWpkus gsrq foi.ku la?k }kjk fdlh Hkh izdkj dk O;; ugha fd;k tkosxk A ijUrq tks cht LVkd lsok lgdkjh lfefr }kjk vfofdzr gksus ds dkj.k okil fd;k tkosxk A ijUrq tks cht LVkd lsok lgdkjh lfefr }kjk vfofdzr gksus ds dkj.k okil fd;k tkosxk A ml LVkd esa ;fn cht fuxe }kjk lacaf/kr la?k ds laxzg.k dsUnz esa izkIr gksus ds mijkUr fdlh vU; LFkku ij LFkkukUrfjr dk fu.kZ; fy;k tkrk gS rks ftyk foi.ku vf/kdkjh dks bl LVkd dks ogkW Hkstus dh O;oLFkk djuk gksxh A vkSj bl fLFkfr esa tks Hkh gEekyh] ifjogu o xksnke esa LVkd j[kus laca/kh [kpZ fd;k tkosxk mls cht fuxe ls izkIr fd;k tkosxk vkSj ;g jkf'k cht fuxe dUlkbuesaV ,dkmUV dks MsfcV dh tkosxh A cht dk lxzg.k ;fn la?k ds Lo;a ds xksnke esa fd;k tkrk gS rks lhtu lekIr gksus rd dksbZ xksnke fdjk;k cht olwy fd;k tkosxk A ;fn LVkd la?k ds xksnke ds vykok vkSj gkml esa laxzfgr fd;k tkrk gS rks mlls lacaf/kr os;j gkml ds fcy dks jkf'k e-iz-jkT; cht fuxe dUlkbuesaV ,dkmUV dks MsfcV dh tkosxh A

8-                    foi.ku la?k ds ftyk dk;kZy;ksa }kjk ys[kk izca/kdksa ls vyx ls e-iz-cht fuxe dUlkbZuesaV ds uke tks [kkrk [kksyk tkosxk mlesa okLrfod [kpsZ ukes fn, tkosaxsaA tSls %& gEekyh] rqykbZ] flykbZ] NYyh yxkbZ HkaMkj.k O;; o vU; [kpsZ gEekyh [kpZ lfefr;ksa dks LdU/k nsrs le; rqykbZ dk] cht fuxe ls izkir gksus ij rqykbZ] lfefr;ksa ls okil gksus ij rqykbZ ls gS] blds vykok vko';drk vuqlkj [kpZ fd, tk ldsxsa A

9-                    cht forj.k dk dk;Z lekIr gksus ds mijkUr ;fn fdlh lsok lgdkjh lfefr ds ikl vfofdzr cht dk LdU/k jg tkrk gS rks cht fuxe ds }kjk fu/kkZfjr frfFk rd bldh okilh ftyk dsUnz ls ml lfefr us izkIr fd;k gS mlh dsUnz ij yk dj nsus dh ftEesnkjh lsok lgdkjh lfefr dh gksxh A LVkd dh fMysojh lsok lgdkjh lfefr }kjk la?k ds xksnkedhij @ izfrfuf/k dks nsdj muls fu/kkZfjr izk:i esa vkod i=d dh ,d izfrfyfi izkIr dh tkosxh A bl vkod i=d dh 4 izfr;kW xksnkedhij }kjk cukbZ tkosxh vkSj vkod i= esa LdU/k okil izkIr djus dh frfFk] cht dk uke] fdLe ek=k vkSj fdl lsok lgdkjh lfefr ls izkIr fd;k x;k gS] bldk fooj.k vafdr djrs gq, gLrk{kj djrs gq, lsok lgdkjh lfefr ds izfrfuf/k ds pkjksa izfr;ksa esa gLrk{kj ysrs ,d ,d izfrfyfi lsok lgdkjh lfefr dks ns nh tkosxh A bl vkod i=d ds vk/kkj xksnke dhij }kjk LVkd jftLVj esa LdU/k izkfIr ntZ dh tkosxh vkSj fooj.k ds dkye esa lsok lgdkjh lfefr dk uke] okil izkIr djus dh frfFk] rFkk vkod i=d dks dzekWd o fnukWd mYysf[kr fd;k tkosxk A vkod i=d esa LVkd jftLVj dk ist uEcj izfr;ksa esa ntZ fd;k tkosxk vkSj ,d izfrfyfi lsok lgdkjh lfefr dks nsus ds mijkUr nks izfrfyfi;ksa ftyk foi.ku vf/kdkjh dks Hkstus dh O;oLFkk dh tkos vafre izfrfyfi dk;kZy;hu izfrfyfi ds :i esa xksnkedhij ds ikl jgsxh A

10-                 lfefr;ksa }kjk vfofdzr LdU/k dks lhy can cksjksa o cksjs ewy :i dh fLFkfr esa ftl DokfyVh dk dsUnz ls izkIr fd;k x;k Fkk mlh fLFkfr esa okil djuk gksxk Alfefr;ksa ds ikl HkaMkj.k vO;oLFkk ds dkj.k fdlh izdkj dh [kjkch] deh vkfn ds fy, foi.ku la?k o cht fuxe mRrjnk;h ugh jgsxk A ij cht esa fdlh dkj.k [kjkc gks x;k gS rks foi.ku la?k }kjk mls okil ugha fy;k tkosxkA

foi.ku la?k ds xksnkedhij }kjk bl ckr ij [kkl /;ku j[kk tkos fd cht dk LVkd xksnke esa lqjf{kr j[kk tkos A cht dk LVkd la?k ds xksnke esa [kjkc u gks blds fy, xksnke dk Q'kZ lkQ vkSj ueh jfgr gksuk pkfg, rFkk cksjksa dks j[kus ds iwoZ uksosMust tSls iksyhfFku] nokbZ;kW fu/kkZfjr i)fr ls fcNkdj gh LVkd j[kk tkos cht dk LdU/k xksnke esa j[ks jklk;fud [kkn ds LVsd ls nwj vkSj lqjf{kr j[kuk pkfg, A ;fn foi.ku la?k ds Lo;a ds xksnke esa cht dks mDr <+x ls lqjf{kr j[kus dh O;oLFkk ugha gS rks LVkd dks os;j gkml esa j[kokus dh O;oLFkk dh tkosxh A

11-                 foi.ku la?k ds fofHkUu ftyksa esa McyykWd dsUnzksa ij dsUnz izHkkfj;ksa }kjk lfefr;ksa ls vfofdzr LdU/k dh izkfIr vPNh rjg o Hkyh HkkWfr ijh{k.k dj izkIr dj e-iz- cht fuxe ls izkIr dUlkbuesaV cht forj.k [kkrs esa ij crkbZ xbZ i)fr vuqlkj gh okLrfod LdU/k fy;k tkos fdlh Hkh izdkj dh Vhi o fooknkLin fLFkfr ds fy, xksnkeiky@ ftyk foi.ku vf/kdkjh mRrjnk;h gksxsa A

12-                 ftyk foi.ku vf/kdkfj;ksa }kjk cht forj.k dk;Zdze ds mijkUr muds ikl 'ksk LdU/k rFkk lfefr;ksa ls vfofdzr izkIr LdU/k dk fujkdj.k] cht fuxe ds funsZ'kkuqlkj fd;k tk;sxk A blesa gksus okys O;; dk ogu cht fuxe }kjk fd;k tkosxk A

13-                 ftyk foi.ku vf/kdkjh }kjk cht forj.k dk lfefrokj fooj.k ystj esa vafdr fd;k tkosxk tks izi=&3 v rFkk 3 c ds fu/kkZfjr izk:i esa j[kk tk;s A xksnkedhij ls fjyht vkMZj o MkQ~V izkIr gksus ij bldk fooj.k iwoZ esa crkbZ xbZ i)fr vuqlkj fjyht vkMZj jftLVj esa fd;k tk;s rFkk mlh le; fjyht vkMZj jftLVj ds vk/kkj ij izi= 3 v rFkk 3 c esa izfof"Bh dh tk;sxhA

14-                 ekg ds var esa izR;sd xksnkedhij izi= dzekWd 4 esa i=d cukdj Hkstsxk A bl i=d dks xksnke v/kh{kd ds ek/;e ls Hkstk tkosxk A bl i=d ls Kkr gksxk fd ekg esa dkSu lk cht fdruh ek=k esa fdrus ewY; dk cht fuxe ls izkIr gqvk rFkk fdruk forfjr gqvk] fdruk lfefr;ksas ls okil vk;k vkSj fdruk 'ks"k jgk A xksnke v/kh{kd bl i=d esa ;g Hkh djsxk fd tks cht dk LdU/k xksnke dhij }kjk iiz= esa 'ks"k crk;k x;k gS mldk mlus HkkSfrd lR;kiu dj lgh ik;k A lHkh laxzg dsUnzksa ds i=dksa dks ladfyr dj ftys dh tkudkjh izi= dzekWd&5 esa cukbZ tkosxh A bl izi= esa ladfyr dh xbZ tkudkjh dk feyku izi= 3 o 4 ds ystj ls fd;k tkosxk A dksbZ folaxfr;kW gks rks mUgsa Bhd fd;k tkos A rnksijkUr izi= dzekWd&5 esa cuk;s x, ys[ks dh ,d&,d izfr {ks=h; izca/kd] cht fuxe] eq[; ys[kkf/kdkjh Hkksiky] egkizca/kd vU; izfdz;k eq[;ky; Hkksiky }kjk izca/k lapkyd] jkT; cht fuxe dks Hksth tkosxh A

15-                 tks cht lfefr us okil fd;k gS mldk ewY; lfefr dks okil fd;k tk;sxk A foi.ku la?k dks dqy fofdzr ek=k ij 2 izfr'kr deh'ku izkIr gksxk ftu lfefr;ksa us dqN Hkh cht okil ugha fd;k mUgsa 10 izfr'kr ds fglkc ls deh'ku fn;k tkosxk A ftu lfefr;ksa us dqN cht okil fd;k gS mUgsa fofdzr LdU/k ij 6 izfr'kr deh'ku fn;k tkosxk A lfefr dks vf/kd fn, x, deh'ku dk lek;kstu mlds }kjk okil fd, x, cht ds ewY; ls fd;k tkosxk A izR;sd lfefr dk ys[kk i=d mijksDrkuqlkj cuk;k tkosxk A ladj dikl ds fy, lgdkjh lfefr;ksa dks dsoy 3 izfr'kr deh'ku ns; gksxk rFkk foi.ku la?k dks dsoy 1 izfr'kr deh'ku ns; gksxkA la?k dk vfofdzr LdU/k lgdkjh lfefr;ksa ls okil ugha fd;k tkosxk A

16-                 cht fuxe ds {ks=h; dk;kZy; }kjk izR;sd lsok lgdkjh lfefr dks fdruh jkf'k cht dh dher ds :i esa okil djuk gS mldk fMek.M MkQ~V lacaf/kr lsok lgdkjh lfefr ds uke ls tek dj la?k ds ftyk foi.ku vf/kdkjh dks Hkstk tkosxk A ftyk foi.ku vf/kdkjh MkQ~V ftyk cSad dks Hkstdj mldh izfof"Bh ystj izi= dzekWd&3 esa djsxk rFkk mldh tkudkjh lacaf/kr lsok lgdkjh lfefr dks Hkh nsxk A dsUnzh; lgdkjh vf/kdks"k ,oa lsok lgdkjh lfefr dks ;g ftEesnkjh gksxh fd os vius Lrj ls jkf'k izkIr djus gsrq la?k ds ftyk foi.ku vf/kdkjh ds dk;kZy; ls lEidZ j[ksa A ftyk foi.ku vf/kdkjh Hkh vius Lrj ij mDr jkf'k lsok lgdkjh lfefr dks 'kh?kz okil djkus dh dk;Zokgh djsaxsa rFkk lfefr ds ys[ksa esa mldh izfof"Bh djsxsa A