is an important marketing function, which involves holding
and preserving goods from the time they ae produced until
they are needed for consumption.
storage of goods, therefore, from the time of production
to the time of consumption, ensures a continuous flow
of goods in the market.
protects the quality of perishable and semi-perishable
products from deterioration;
of the goods e.g., woolen garments, have a seasonal
demand. To cope with this demand, production on a
continuous basis and storage become necessary;
helps in the stabilization of prices by adjusting
demand and supply;
is necessary for some period for performance of other
provides employment and income through price advantages.
storage structures are dugout structures similar to a
well with sides plastered with cowdung. They may also
be lined with stones or sand and cement. They may be circular
or rectangular in shape. The capacity varies with the
size of the structure.
storage structures are safer from threats from various
external sources of damage, such as theft, rain or
underground storage space can temporarily be utilized
for some other purposes with minor adjustments; and
underground storage structures are easier to fill
up owing to the factor of gravity.
in a ground surface structure can be stored in two ways
- bag storage or bulk storage.
bag contains a definite quantity, which can be bought,
sold or dispatched without difficulty;
are easier to load or unload.
is easier to keep separate lots with identification
marks on the bags.
bags which are identified as infested on inspection
can be removed and treated easily; and
problem of the sweating of grains does not arise because
the surface of the bag is exposed to the atmospheres.
or loose storage
exposed peripheral surface area per unit weight of
grain is less. Consequently, the danger of damage
from external sources is reduced; and
infestation is less because of almost airtight conditions
in the deeper layers.
government of India has made efforts to promote improved
storage facilities at the farm level.
grain storage structures
is a galvanized metal iron structure. It s capacity
ranges from 1.5 to 15 quintals. Designed by Punjab Agricultural
is a storage structure is made of mud or bricks with a
polythene film embedded within the walls.
is a cylindrical rubberised cloth structure supported
by bamboo poles on a metal tube base, and has a small
hole in the bottom through which grain can be removed.
large scale storage
Storage (Cover and Plinth)
involves the construction of brick pillars to a height
of 14" from the ground, with grooves into which wooden
crates are fixed for the stacking of bags of foodgrains.
The structure can be fabricated in less than 3 weeks.
It is an economical way of storage on a large scale.
these structures, the grains in bulk are unloaded on the
conveyor belts and, through mechanical operations, are
carried to the storage structure. The storage capacity
of each of these silos is around 25,000 tonnes.